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This calendar is permanently hosted and can be viewed when ever you want at capeanngiclee.com on the ‘events’ page.
This calendar is permanently hosted and can be viewed when ever you want at capeanngiclee.com on the ‘events’ page.
Are you a parent of a Gloucester High School Student?
Our FREE Gloucester High School Spring/Summer Internship Program starts in a few weeks – Tuesday, February 7, 2017
Summer 2017 is right around the corner – does your son or daughter you have a job yet?
This is a FREE Gloucester High School Internship Program for 9th-11th graders which will help students search and secure summer jobs, upgrade their resumes and more!
SPACES ARE LIMITED SO STUDENTS SHOULD APPLY AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!
To apply, students should email Caitlin Pszenny at: email@example.com
For more information or questions, please call Caitlin: 339-788-1994
Part 1 – a 15 week class will meet Tuesdays after school 2:20 PM – 4:20 PM starting February 7th
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Join us for a ‘Refresher to QuickBooks’ Seminar (Advanced Beginners welcomed as well!). Two days: Tuesday, February 7 & Thursday, February 9, 2017, from 5:30-8:30 PM at Gloucester High School. Space for this seminar is limited – REGISTER HERE.
The class will be geared toward Small Business owners with some basic knowledge of Quickbooks or some other accounting software. It may be too fast paced for some beginners, however basic beginner skills will be reviewed.
Instructor: Mary Lou Balbo is a Senior Accountant with the CPA firm, Horvitz & Frisch, PC, located at 128 Main Street, Gloucester. Mary Lou has 35+ years of accounting, bookkeeping and tax preparation Experience. Horvitz & Frisch, PC, offers computer cnsulting and bookkeeping training, in addition to accounting and financial services.
Assistant: Marcia Hubbard, Finance Manager of The Open Door.
Class size is limited. Payment is required to hold a reservation. Cost is $175.00, or…
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Gloucester Police Warn Residents After Dog is Killed by Coyote
At approximately 9:30 p.m., Gloucester Animal Control responded to Sumac Lane for reports of a resident whose dog had been attacked and killed by a coyote. The dog was on a fixed leash in the yard while its owner was inside the home. Animal Control officers searched the surrounding area but did not find the coyote.
Animal Control officers and Gloucester Environmental Police are monitoring the entire Rocky Neck area today.
Pier 23 Kitchen- Nick Markos 23 East Main Street Former La Rosas and AJs which only lasted a month or so it seemed
Brendan Crocker opening Black Arrow in former site of Foreign Affairs
iPhone 7 review from Kim
Wednesdays at the Rhumb Line – 7pm
Dinner Specials Each Week!
Wednesday, January 18th – 7pm
Special Guest: JEFF FRASER!
Local hero Jeff Fraser takes the reins this week. Known as
a “one man band”, Jeff has been honing his solo skills on
literally thousands of shows in the greater Boston region
over recent years. He’s a beloved son of my home town of
Essex, folks… I burst with pride. ~ Fly
Dinner with great music!
*Each week features a special, invited musical guest
The Rhumb Line Kitchen…
…now features Janet Brown with some new and healthy ideas!
Plus a fine, affordable wine menu!
01/25 – Jon Butcher
02/01 – JB & Dave Brown
02/08 – Charlee Bianchini
Looking forward……to seeing you there 🙂
We wanted a quick night in the city with friends after the Christmas crazies but before the actual New Year’s Eve mayhem, so I spent all of about ten minutes looking for a hotel for a Friday night in an area of Boston that has some restaurants and bars that we like to go to.
We landed at the Residence Inn by Marriott in the Seaport on Congress Street. Super inexpensive, comfortable, spacious, industrial, and funky. With a full kitchen, a seating area, and a large bedroom, we were able to sit for drinks with friends in our room before actually heading out for the night. With tons of restaurants/bars within walking distance, we didn’t even bother to hop in a taxi during the course of the evening.
If you’re overdue for a quick little getaway, can’t go far, and want it to be easy…I highly recommend it.
Every three years, Action conducts a comprehensive assessment of our community to learn how our programs are working, what we could do better, and what issues are most important to Cape Ann residents. The feedback we collect will help us plan our programs and partnerships in the future. One of the ways in which we gather community feedback is through the Cape Ann Community Survey.
We would like to get as many responses as possible – the more feedback we get, the more informed our strategic plan will be.
Could you please help us spread the word and get people involved?
Thanks so much for your help and support!
Christmas Tree Service Boy Scout Troop 20 – 2017
If you are still in need of having your Christmas Tree picked up, this will be the last weekend Boy Scout Troop 20 will be offering this service. Saturday January 21st. 3
Please call 978-546-9501 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Leave your Name, Address, Phone Number, where the Boy Scouts can find the tree and the donation.
Rockport and Gloucester only between 9:00 AM and 12:00 PM
Winter 2017 Session Accepting Students
Gloucester Stage Youth Acting Workshop is now accepting students ages 5-18 for the 2017 Winter Session of professional arts instruction beginning on Friday, February 3 for Children 5-9 years old and beginning on Saturday, February 4 for Teens 10-18 years old. The Youth Acting Workshop Winter 2017 Session features expanded instruction time of four class hours per week, lower tuition for all students and scholarship opportunities. Students will receive instruction in acting, directing, play writing, producing, improvisation, creating characters and the world of the play and costume design during the six week session. Acting teacher, director and award winning actress Gloucester native Heidi Dallin will be joined by guest instructors : costume designer Lara Jardullo, the Costume Designer of the YAW’s annual production of Holiday Delights, to teach Costume Design; and Tufts graduate Danvers native Sarah Vandewalle to teach Vocal Production and How to Make A Play! Gloucester Stage Youth Acting Workshops are designed to provide young people an outlet to nurture their creative potential through developing self-confidence, communication and teamwork skills to use in their daily life as well as introducing them to the skills necessary for professional theater. Registration is open for the Winter 2017 Session. Class size is limited and registration is on a first come basis. For further information and to register, call 978-283-6688.
Pictured: Youth Acting Workshop students in class
photo credit: Gary Ng
Two other great projects went last night: repairing headstones at Clark cemetery and composting at Veterans. Be on the lookout for them.
Talk of “coywolves” – a blend of coyote and wolf – is everywhere. There is a PBS special called “Meet the Coywolf,” a recent article in the Economist, and it is now trending on Facebook. The media really love this new animal name.
There is no doubt that there is a hybrid canid living in the eastern US, and that it is the result of an amazing evolution story unfolding right underneath our noses.
However, this is not a new species – at least not yet – and I don’t think we should start calling it a “coywolf.”
What creature are we talking about? In the last century, a predator – I prefer the name “eastern coyote” – has colonized the forests of eastern North America, from Florida to Labrador.
New genetic tests show that all eastern coyotes are actually a mix of three species: coyote, wolf and dog. The percentages vary, dependent upon exactly which test is applied and the geographic location of the canine.
Coyotes in the Northeast are mostly (60%-84%) coyote, with lesser amounts of wolf (8%-25%) and dog (8%-11%). Start moving south or east and this mixture slowly changes. Virginia animals average more dog than wolf (85%:2%:13% coyote:wolf:dog) while coyotes from the Deep South had just a dash of wolf and dog genes mixed in (91%:4%:5% coyote:wolf:dog). Tests show that there are no animals that are just coyote and wolf (that is, a coywolf), and some eastern coyotes that have almost no wolf at all.
In other words, there is no single new genetic entity that should be considered a unique species. Instead, we are finding a large intermixing population of coyotes across the continent, with a smattering of noncoyote DNA mixed in to varying degrees along the eastern edge. The coywolf is not a thing.
All eastern coyotes show some evidence of past hybridization, but there is no sign that they are still actively mating with dogs or wolves. The coyote, wolf and dog are three separate species that would very much prefer not to breed with each other. However, biologically speaking, they are similar enough that interbreeding is possible.
This genetic swapping has happened more than once in their history; one study showed that the gene for black coat color found in North American wolves and coyotes today (but not in Old World wolves) originated in dogs brought to the continent by the earliest Native Americans. Some prehistoric hybridization event transferred the dog gene into wild wolves and coyotes.
We can estimate the date of the most recent hybridization events that created eastern coyotes by analyzing their genetic structure. Their DNA show that about 100 years ago, coyotes mated with wolves, and about 50 years ago with dogs. A century ago, wolf populations in the Great Lakes were at their nadir, living at such low density that some reproductive animals probably couldn’t find another wolf mate, and had to settle with a coyote.
The more recent date for the dog hybridization likely results from a cross-species breeding event at the very leading edge of the wave of colonizing coyotes in the east, possibly after a few females first spanned the St Lawrence seaway into upstate New York, where they would have encountered abundant feral dogs, but no other coyotes.
Nowadays, eastern coyotes have no problem finding a coyote mate. Their populations continue to grow throughout their new forested range, and they seem more likely to kill a dog than breed with it. Wolf populations in the Great Lakes have also recovered, and the wolf is once again the worst enemy of the coyote, rather than its last-chance prom date.
Coyotes have also expanded north into Alaska, although there is no sign of hybridization in that range extension. In Central America, they have expanded out of Mexico’s deserts, working their way south past the Panama Canal in the last decade, apparently bound for South America.
No genetic studies have looked at Central American coyotes, but photographs of doglike animals suggest that coyotes might be mixing it up across species lines along the leading edge of this southward expansion as well.
Hybridization across species is a natural evolutionary phenomenon. The old notion that an inability to breed should define what a species is has been abandoned by zoologists (with a resounding “I told you so” from botanists). Even modern humans are hybrids, with traces of Neanderthal and Denisovan genes mixed into our genome.
The first requirement for evolution is variation, and mixing genes from two species creates all sorts of new variations for evolution to act on. Most of these probably die, being a compromise between two longstanding species that were already well-adapted to their own niches.
However, in today’s rapidly changing world, new variations might actually do better than the old types. Some of these genetic mixes will survive better than others – this is natural selection.
The coyote with a bit of wolf genes to make it slightly larger was probably better able to handle deer, which are overabundant in eastern forests, but still wily enough to live in a landscape full of people. These animals thrived, dispersed east and thrived again, becoming the eastern coyote.
Exactly which dog and wolf genes are surviving natural selection in today’s eastern coyote is an area of active research.
Coyotes with odd coat colors or hair types are probably the most conspicuous sign of dog genes in action, while their slightly larger size might come from wolf genes. Some of these genes will help an animal survive and breed; others will make them less fit. Natural selection is still sorting this out, and we are witnessing the evolution of a new type of coyote right under our noses, one that is very good at living there.
Western coyotes adapt locally to their environments, with limited gene flow between populations (called “ecotypes”) living in different habitats, presumably reflecting local specialization.
Will eastern coyotes specialize locally as well? How will dog and wolf genes sort out across cities and wildernesses of the east?
Expect some really cool science in the next few years as researchers use modern genetic tools to sniff out the details of this story.
There are many examples of bad animal names that cause a lot of confusion.
The fisher is a large type of weasel that does not eat fish (it prefers porcupines). The mountain beaver of the Pacific Northwest is not a beaver and does not live in the mountains. And then there’s the sperm whale…
We don’t get many opportunities to name new animals in the 21st century. We shouldn’t let the media mess up this one by declaring it a new species called the coywolf. Yes, there are wolf genes in some populations, but there are also eastern coyotes with almost no wolf genes, and others that have as much dog mixed in as they do wolf. “Coywolf” is an inaccurate name that causes confusion.
The coyote has not evolved into a new species over the last century. Hybridization and expansion have created a host of new coyote variations in the east, and evolution is still sorting these out. Gene flow continues in all directions, keeping things mixed up, and leading to continual variation over their range, with no discrete boundaries.
Could evolution eventually lead to a coyote so specialized for eastern forests that they would be considered a unique species? Yes, but for this to happen, they would have to cut off gene flow with nonhybrid animals, leading to distinct types of coyotes that (almost) never interbreed. I think we are a long way from this possibility.
For now, we have the eastern coyote, an exciting new type of coyote in the midst of an amazing evolutionary transition. Call it a distinct “subspecies,” call it an “ecomorph,” or call it by its scientific name Canis latrans var. But don’t call it a new species, and please, don’t call it the coywolf.
Roland Kays does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.
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Following images and video courtesy google image search
Garbage, bird seed, and fallen fruit attract coyotes to your backyard.